Python Scrapy:将相对路径转换为绝对路径

我已根据以下优秀人士提供的解决方案对代码进行了修改;我在这里的代码下面看到了错误.

I have amended the code based on solutions offered below by the great folks here; I get the error shown below the code here.

from scrapy.spider import BaseSpider
from scrapy.selector import HtmlXPathSelector
from scrapy.utils.response import get_base_url
from scrapy.utils.url import urljoin_rfc
from dmoz2.items import DmozItem

class DmozSpider(BaseSpider):
   name = "namastecopy2"
   allowed_domains = ["namastefoods.com"]
   start_urls = [
    "http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=1",
    "http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=12",    

]

def parse(self, response):
    hxs = HtmlXPathSelector(response)
    sites = hxs.select('/html/body/div/div[2]/table/tr/td[2]/table/tr')
    items = []
    for site in sites:
        item = DmozItem()
        item['manufacturer'] = 'Namaste Foods'
        item['productname'] = site.select('td/h1/text()').extract()
        item['description'] = site.select('//*[@id="info-col"]/p[7]/strong/text()').extract()
        item['ingredients'] = site.select('td[1]/table/tr/td[2]/text()').extract()
        item['ninfo'] = site.select('td[2]/ul/li[3]/img/@src').extract()
        #insert code that will save the above image path for ninfo as an absolute path
        base_url = get_base_url(response)
        relative_url = site.select('//*[@id="showImage"]/@src').extract()
        item['image_urls'] = urljoin_rfc(base_url, relative_url)
        items.append(item)
    return items

我的items.py看起来像这样:

My items.py looks like this:

from scrapy.item import Item, Field

class DmozItem(Item):
    # define the fields for your item here like:
    productid = Field()
    manufacturer = Field()
    productname = Field()
    description = Field()
    ingredients = Field()
    ninfo = Field()
    imagename = Field()
    image_paths = Field()
    relative_images = Field()
    image_urls = Field()
    pass

我需要蜘蛛将获取的相对路径转换为绝对路径的项目['relative_images']&保存在items ['image_urls']中,以便我可以从此蜘蛛本身中下载图像.例如,蜘蛛抓取的relative_images路径为"../../files/images/small/8270-BrowniesHiResClip.jpg",则应将其转换为"http://namastefoods.com/files/images/small/8270-BrowniesHiResClip.jpg'、&存储在items ['image_urls']

I need the relative paths that the spider is getting for items['relative_images'] converted to absolute paths & saved in items['image_urls'] so that I can download the images from within this spider itself. For example, the relative_images path that the spider fetches is '../../files/images/small/8270-BrowniesHiResClip.jpg', this should be converted to 'http://namastefoods.com/files/images/small/8270-BrowniesHiResClip.jpg', & stored in items['image_urls']

我还需要将items ['ninfo']路径存储为绝对路径.

I also will need the items['ninfo'] path to be stores as an absolute path.

运行以上代码时出错:

2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] INFO: Scrapy 0.12.0.2541 started (bot: dmoz2)
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Enabled extensions: TelnetConsole, SpiderContext, WebService, CoreStats, CloseSpider
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Enabled scheduler middlewares: DuplicatesFilterMiddleware
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Enabled downloader middlewares: HttpAuthMiddleware, DownloadTimeoutMiddleware, UserAgentMiddleware, RetryMiddleware, DefaultHeadersMiddleware, RedirectMiddleware, CookiesMiddleware, HttpCompressionMiddleware, DownloaderStats
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Enabled spider middlewares: HttpErrorMiddleware, OffsiteMiddleware, RefererMiddleware, UrlLengthMiddleware, DepthMiddleware
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Enabled item pipelines: MyImagesPipeline
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Telnet console listening on 0.0.0.0:6023
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [scrapy] DEBUG: Web service listening on 0.0.0.0:6080
2011-06-28 17:18:11-0400 [namastecopy2] INFO: Spider opened
2011-06-28 17:18:12-0400 [namastecopy2] DEBUG: Crawled (200) <GET http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=12> (referer: None)
2011-06-28 17:18:12-0400 [namastecopy2] ERROR: Spider error processing <http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=12> (referer: <None>)
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/base.py", line 1137, in mainLoop
        self.runUntilCurrent()
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/base.py", line 757, in runUntilCurrent
        call.func(*call.args, **call.kw)
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 243, in callback
        self._startRunCallbacks(result)
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 312, in _startRunCallbacks
        self._runCallbacks()
    --- <exception caught here> ---
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 328, in _runCallbacks
        self.result = callback(self.result, *args, **kw)
      File "/***/***/***/***/***/***/spiders/namaste_copy2.py", line 30, in parse
        item['image_urls'] = urljoin_rfc(base_url, relative_url)
      File "/Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/Scrapy-0.12.0.2541-py2.6.egg/scrapy/utils/url.py", line 37, in urljoin_rfc
        unicode_to_str(ref, encoding))
      File "/Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/Scrapy-0.12.0.2541-py2.6.egg/scrapy/utils/python.py", line 96, in unicode_to_str
        raise TypeError('unicode_to_str must receive a unicode or str object, got %s' % type(text).__name__)
    exceptions.TypeError: unicode_to_str must receive a unicode or str object, got list

2011-06-28 17:18:15-0400 [namastecopy2] DEBUG: Crawled (200) <GET http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=1> (referer: None)
2011-06-28 17:18:15-0400 [namastecopy2] ERROR: Spider error processing <http://www.namastefoods.com/products/cgi-bin/products.cgi?Function=show&Category_Id=4&Id=1> (referer: <None>)
    Traceback (most recent call last):
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/base.py", line 1137, in mainLoop
        self.runUntilCurrent()
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/base.py", line 757, in runUntilCurrent
        call.func(*call.args, **call.kw)
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 243, in callback
        self._startRunCallbacks(result)
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 312, in _startRunCallbacks
        self._runCallbacks()
    --- <exception caught here> ---
      File "/System/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/2.6/Extras/lib/python/twisted/internet/defer.py", line 328, in _runCallbacks
        self.result = callback(self.result, *args, **kw)
      File "/***/***/***/***/***/***/spiders/namaste_copy2.py", line 30, in parse
        item['image_urls'] = urljoin_rfc(base_url, relative_url)
      File "/Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/Scrapy-0.12.0.2541-py2.6.egg/scrapy/utils/url.py", line 37, in urljoin_rfc
        unicode_to_str(ref, encoding))
      File "/Library/Python/2.6/site-packages/Scrapy-0.12.0.2541-py2.6.egg/scrapy/utils/python.py", line 96, in unicode_to_str
        raise TypeError('unicode_to_str must receive a unicode or str object, got %s' % type(text).__name__)
    exceptions.TypeError: unicode_to_str must receive a unicode or str object, got list

2    011-06-28 17:18:15-0400 [namastecopy2] INFO: Closing spider (finished)
2011-06-28 17:18:15-0400 [namastecopy2] INFO: Spider closed (finished)

谢谢.-TM



 1 条回答